History Of Poker
There are several hypotheses about the origin of poker. The word poker comes from the French term poque, which comes from the German term pochen meaning ‘bluff’, but this term was already used in some games of antiquity. Although the games referring to these names do not seem to be the real origin of poker; Which could be attributed to the Sung Dynasty of China, or it could come from a Persian game called ‘as nas’ of century XVI that was spread by the French setters of New Orleans. Poker was influenced by many ancient games to become as we know it today; Many believe that he was influenced by the French game ‘blean’ and by the English game ‘brag’ that came from the ‘brelan’.
The French developed a poker-like game called poque, which was first played in French America in 1803, when Louisiana was bought by the United States from the French, and New Orleans became part of the American territory. From this moment on, the first version of poker called ‘poque’ spread throughout all corners of New Orleans, which was played with a deck of 20 cards instead of 52 as the current deck. In the ‘poque’ the cards were divided between four players and won the one that obtained the highest score in one hand. After New Orleans the ‘poque’ continued to spread across American territory across the Mississippi River during the 18th century and continued its expansion into the American West in the 19th century reaching its highest popularity.
According to legend, “On August 2, 1876, in Deadwood, South Dakota, the legendary Wild Bill Hickok (Savage Bill) played his last poker hand after receiving several gunshots, after Cowboy Jack McCall suspected that they were playing dirty. They say that Bill ‘the Savage’ had in his hand a double pair of Black Aces and Black Eights. Since that day, that hand is known as “The Hand of the Dead”.
During the American civil war the Poque began to evolve to poker as we know it now, first it was introduced as English deck with 52 cards and the play of “color” (that consists of obtaining five non consecutive cards with the same pint, for Example “2, 5, 7, J, Q” of diamonds). During the civil war some modalities of poker also developed; Such as discard poker, naked poker, and the ‘ladder’ play (consisting of a group of 5 consecutive cards that may be of different clubs, for example “7,8,9,10, J”). With the rise of poker in the United States emerged new trends and modalities such as wild cards (2 additional cards in the deck that replaced any other), And in 1900 introduced Lowball and the most popular games of today such as Omaha and Texas Hold’em, which use community cards. Already known as the game of ‘poker’ continued to spread around the world.
In the year 1970, the World Series of Poker was inaugurated taking as base the modality of Hold’em; David Sklansky and Doyle Brunson’s books on “poker strategies” were famous at this time. In 2003 the online poker boom was given when Chris Moneymaker won the WSOP Main Event after getting his entry through an online qualifying tournament. From this moment the tournaments became popular through the Internet, where the players could enjoy a game of poker from the comfort of their homes.
Among the legends of poker are Doyle Brunson, Stu Ungar, Johnny Moss, Yellow Slim, Omar Muhtaseb, Phil Ivey, Phil Hellmuth, Daniel Negreanu, among others.